Our work on genome folding combining super-resolution microscopy and advance computational model has been published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. We have developed a strategy called MiOS (Modelling immuno-OligoSTORM) that allows to generate models of gene folding reaching nucleosome resolution. With MiOS we can explore how gene shape dynamically changes across cell types in health and disease. 

Maria Victoria Neguembor et al. October 2022 Nature Structural & Molecular Biology

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36220894/

Cartoon representation of MiOS.

MiOS is like a 3D printer that processes imaging and sequencing data to generate 3D models of gene folding” Image by Laura Martin

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Comparison using a conventional microscope (left) to visualise the structure of NANOG gene, which shows up as a bright green spot vs. using MiOS (right) which can image individual genes.

We showed that transcriptionally generated supercoiling regulates loop formation. The girl’s blowing represents the force of transcriptionally generated supercoiling that promotes loop extrusion (bubbles forming) through cohesin (ring of stick). Bubbles depict different nuclear topologies. Excess of cohesin, supercoiling, and loops leads to chromatin blending (upper bubbles), while inhibition of transcription or topoisomerases brings decreased supercoiling and chromatin compaction (lower bubbles). Cover art from Laura Martin

Look at paper at this link: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1dS8d3vVUPGJuH

We showed that transcriptionally generated supercoiling regulates loop formation. The girl’s blowing represents the force of transcriptionally generated supercoiling that promotes loop extrusion (bubbles forming) through cohesin (ring of stick). Bubbles depict different nuclear topologies. Excess of cohesin, supercoiling, and loops leads to chromatin blending (upper bubbles), while inhibition of transcription or topoisomerases brings decreased supercoiling and chromatin compaction (lower bubbles). Cover art from Laura Martin.

Look at paper at this link: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1dS8d3vVUPGJuH

Barcelona in a STORM

Oil on canvas, 2011

Orchidea

Il vulcano

H2020 FET-Open project awarded!

ECaBox “Eyes in a Care Box”: Regenerating human retina from resuscitated cadaveric eyes.

We will create a device, the EcaBox, to resuscitate eyes from the dead. In collaboration with a number of Partners working in Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia (IBEC), King’s College London (KCL) in the UK, the Association for the Advancement of Tissue Engineering and Cell Based Technologies & Therapies (A4TEC) in Portugal, AFERETICA in Italy and the Bar-Ilan University (BIU) in Israel, we will develop artificial blood, artificial vitreous to kick-starting the activity of retinal neurons and restoring eye function. ECaBox will be a transparent, cubic box that mimics conditions in the living human eye, maintaining the eye’s temperature and pH levels while avoiding blood clots and removing metabolic waste and toxins.

Institutional News!

The Master Regulator protein BAZ2B can reprogram human hematopoietic lineage-committed progenitors into a multipotent state.

Arumugam et al. Cell Reports 2020

We used reverse-engineered networks to elucidate the molecular mechanism of cell-fusion mediated reprogramming of B lymphocytes to hematopoietic stem cell-like state. BAZ2B was identified as a Master Regulator that can reprogram human lineage-committed progenitors to multipotent hematopoietic cells, thus enhancing their stemness and long-term engraftment.

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Institutional News!

Scientific Article!

The Chemokine Receptors Ccr5 and Cxcr6 Enhance Migration of Mesenchymal Stem Cells into the Degenerating Retina


Inadequate migration and integration of transplanted cells into the retina limit the efficacy of cell therapy approaches. We found that chemokines released from the degenerating retina can drive migration of transplanted stem cells over-expressing Ccr5 and Cxcr6 receptors, thereby resulting in rescue of retinal degeneration.

Pesaresi et al. Molecular Therapy 2020

Institutional News!

Scientific Article!